Sunday, December 27, 2009

There's no place like home

I was so happy to see the sign that said

"Welcome to New Mexico
The Land of Enchantment"

I was still almost 200 miles from home, but, just being in New Mexico felt so good. I don't know what it is but there really is something enchanting about it.

Thursday, December 24, 2009

I'm in Denver

I'm glad I decided to go.

It was a beautiful day!

Once I got out of Chimayo and passed Chamita onto the highway the roads were great. It doesn't look like denver got much more snow than we did.

The motel room smells like maple syrup. What was I expecting for $35.00 a night? It has a little kitchenette so I can go to Whole Foods (apparently there's no TJ's in Denver, WTF?) and get some real food rather than eat at restaurants all the time. I had luch in Alamosa, it wasn't a great experience.

Time to get ready for the party.

Monday, December 21, 2009


Ticket to the Heebonism party; bought.

Motel; booked

Maps; ready

I think I'm ready to go.

Thursday, December 17, 2009

Global Warming

1.The blue line shows the yearly average. If you look carefully you can see that there is a big spike in the global maximum in 1998 that dips back down in 1999 and then gradually increases upwards throughout 2000-2008. The 1998 spike is the reason some people say that global warming stopped in 1998. The spike was caused by El Nino. El Nino’s will push global temperatures up by approximately 0.01 degrees Kelvin (0.018 degrees Fahrenheit). In 1998 we had a much larger El Nino anomaly and the global temperature spiked much higher than that and then dropped back down to normal the next year. The blue line is flattening out from 2005 and I’ll explain that in the next picture. 


This picture shows sun activity. The sun has been much colder than it has been in the past century since 2005. There is concern that we could be heading into a mini ice age if the sun continues to cool. But temperatures have not dropped because of the green house gas effect. If we go into a mini ice age the green house gasses might help mitigate it slightly. On the other hand, if sun activity picks up, we will be headed for an out of control warming that could end…we don’t know where.

Graph 3 shows changes in radiative forcing of climate since 1750. The zero line represents 1750. CO2 has increased overall radiative forcing by 1.5-1.75 W/m2. CH4 has increased radiative forcing by 0.8-1.2 W/m2. The sun (on the bottom), has increased overall radiative forcing by 0.05-0.3 W/m2. That is one tenth of the radiative forcing from carbon dioxide alone. The really big uncertainty we have is clouds. Climatologists believe that the overall cloud effect will be a cooling one. But, they are far from certain. Some clouds have a cooling effect and some have a warming effect and there are so many variables that go into what kind of cloud will be formed that it’s a huge uncertainty.
But there is no uncertainty over the fact that carbon dioxide and methane have increased radiative forcing by 2.3-2.95 W/m2 while the sun alone has increased radiative forcing by 0.05-0.3 W/m2.

The point of this graph is to show how big a role water vapor plays in the warming of the planet. And the hotter it gets, the more evaporation you get, the hotter it gets, the more evaporation you get...

It isn't only CO2 that's heating the atmosphere. CO2 could, at most, raise temperatures by 1.2 degrees C/K (1.96 degrees F). The problem is that in response to the 1.2 degree rise in temperature we get another 3 degree rise from water vapor. And as I said before, overall cloud effect is uncertain.

This graph shows three things. 
The black line is actual measured temperature anomolies. The blue line is an amalgamation of climate model predictions of temperature anomalies in the 20th century using only natural variables (sun, volcanoes, etc.). The pink line shows the results of the same models when anthropogenic forcings are added in (greenhouse gasses that warm the atmosphere and anthropogenic aerosols that cool the atmosphere).

This is basically the same thing but shows only ocean predictions.

This graph shows land predictions. If you look back and forth between the global land and ocean you will see that there will be much more warming over land masses. That’s because oceans store heat. We aren’t sure if and when the oceans will stop storing heat. At that point Global Warming will increase dramatically.

Saturday, December 12, 2009

This made me LOL

The guy I'm going on the trip to Sedona with is a Jewish convert.

I asked him why he converted and he said

"Catholicism was too restrictive"

Oh boy did I LOL!!!!

Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Science and Technology

I'm tired and need to go to bed but I want to jot this down and I'll edit it later.

Science does not "invent" anything. Science discovers truths (or what appears to be a truth) through experimentation. Technology takes the discoveries Science provides and applies it to new technology. The new technology opens doors for science to make better experiments and discover more things that technology takes...

You get the drift?


Denver for Christmas

Arizona for New Years


Saturday, December 5, 2009

Uranium and Septic Tanks

I'm working on my uranium bioremediation term paper and the evidence is piling up. Septic tanks effect uranium solubility in ground water.
The presence of oxygen in ground water leads to uranium solubility. Not just O2. Nitrates (NO3, NO2) and Sulfates (SO4) also have an effect on uranium solubility. Nitrogen and sulfur enter septic tanks in their reduced form attached to amino acids. Septic tanks are anoxic so nitrogen leaves the septic tank as NH4+ and sulfur as H2S. When they reach the leach field they are oxidized to nitrate and sulfate.
Some of the nitrate and sulfate get utilized in the biomat but for the most part, nitrate and sulfate leach out of soil fairly quickly. They have a negative charge and soil has a net negative charge so they repel each other. The end result is nitrate and sulfate in ground water interacting with the bound uranium in the aquifer and solubilizing it.
New Mexico has very high concentrations of uranium. We need to get off septic tanks. SHIT! (really).

Miri 1994-2009

Miri 1994-2009
I Miss You